Pediatrics has a long history within Chinese medicine dating back to the late Han dynasty (i.e., the late 200s CE), with the two primary areas of emphasis being herbal medicine and xiao er tui na (pediatric massage).


In conventional medicine, however, pediatrics has a more recent history and was not established as a formal discipline in the United States until the 1860s by Abraham Jacobi at the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City1.

Newer still is the burgeoning field of environmental pediatrics, the academic and clinical discipline exploring how environmental exposures in early life impact health and development in childhood and across the entire human life span.